The report on the competitiveness of Polish economy, presented today by the Secretary-General of OECD, Angel Gurria, includes all what is also the subject of many meetings and discussions in Poland, also in the Presidential Palace, says Olgierd Dziekoński, Secretary of State in the Chancellery of the President of Poland.
To improve the competitiveness of Polish economy, there should be changes on the labour market and it should be easier to run a business. It is primarily a question of avoiding the middle income trap, that is, the change in the labour market, making it more flexible, eliminating a kind of duality on the labour market, such as the issue of short-term contracts and the ones which are not fully taxable, explains Olgierd Dziekoński. Secondly, it is a question of deregulation, necessary if we want to facilitate the functioning of companies. It is very important to improve the bankruptcy law, so that the opportunity to return to the labour market will be much easier.
OECD also recommends accelerating privatisation. In comparison to other OECD countries, Poland is characterised by one of higher shares of state-owned industry in the economic structure, even though privatisation has been intensive in recent years.
It is also very important to improve the functioning of the market related to the tax system, that is, the tax law. This issue has been and will be raised by president Bronisław Komorowski in many of his recommendations of changes for Poland, and in particular, for small and medium-sized companies, adds Olgierd Dziekoński.
According to the OECD experts, the SME sector could be even more important for Polish GDP, if its innovativeness would be supported. Building pro-innovative market is related to changes in the framework of the universities.