The number of migrations which started after entering of Poland to the European Union increases annually and there is no downslide. Moreover, the tendency of young Poles in the age of 18 to 24 to foreign departures is also thought-provoking – points out Dr Tomasz Kościański, manager of financing and accounting in the Wrocław School of Banking.
According to the data of the Central Statistical Office, 786 000 of Poles were working abroad in 2002. In 2007, the number of them increased to 2.27 million. Furthermore, the tendencies among leaving people have been changed over the years. Initially, so called storks – people who leave the country only once for a short period of time or seasonally – were definitely dominating. At present, more and more people are planning a leave for good. There are even less returns to the country due to finances. Indeed, Poles come back to country, however, due to family of health aspects – adds Tomasz Kościański.
The average gross salary in Poland has increased by over 60 per cent over the last decade – from 2440 zlotys to over 4000 zlotys per month. However, the salary conditions in our country are definitely on a lower level in comparison to western countries. For instance, the average remuneration in Great Britain totaled over 2600 pounds in 2013, whereas in Germany – 3800 euro per month. Poles are encouraged to leave not only by higher incomes but also by better occupational prospects – such reason was indicated by 37 per cent of people in the research conducted by Work Service.
Dr in WSB points out that the richest countries of the European Union run a selective employment policy, the effects of which are job offers aimed at strictly specialized occupational groups – for example computer programmers, doctors, babysitters or physiotherapists. However, qualified employees in the area of locksmithing, construction as well as engineers and electricians are still needed – adds the expert.
Tomasz Kościański emphasizes the importance of solutions which should be applied by employers right now in order to keep qualified employees in the country. At present, the noticeable deficit of employees in some occupations has a negative influence on the condition of Polish economy and it certainly makes the recruitment processes more difficult.