At present, we still have a 19th century conflict between capital and work. We have employees and different forms of employment. One side includes employers and the other one – employees. Therefore, we still complain about each other – points out Małgorzata Starczewska-Krzysztoszek, main economist in Lewiatan Confederation. – Sooner or later we will have to think about such solution that in the moment when we finish our education – no matter on which level – we all establish an economic activity, that is everyone will become an entrepreneur.
Starczewska-Krzysztoszek points out that although this idea seems to be quite unreal and trade unions would certainly object it, in the future it may turn out to be a necessity with benefits to both sides. It is related to technological changes – more and more bigger part of the economy is being transferred to the Internet and mobile application world, which enables the access to many services and abilities. The economist judges that within 5 or 10 years such direct business relations may be also moved to industry and other sectors. Everyone is becoming an entrepreneur and both relations are not relations between an employee and employer any more but between business and business – convinces Starczewska-Krzysztoszek. – It solves many problems because we will be all functioning as entrepreneurs on the same rules. We will be paying the same taxes and the same contributions to social insurances.
The expert forecasts that thus the business risk will be distributed evenly between employers and employees which will bring some benefits to employed people who are currently exposed to fluctuations of economic situation and redundancies. Moreover, the own economic activity would be motivating to employees – they would care about being present on the market as long as possible because it would provide them a high pension in the future.
Starczewska-Krzysztoszek adds that tax support for family companies is also necessary. In European economies, the companies of such type constitute 60-70 per cent of enterprises and in Germany – even 90 per cent. Family companies provide stability to economy. The support of this type in Poland is especially important because – as the expert points out – the time of the succession in Polish family companies, which were established at the beginning of the 1990s, is coming to a close. We have to think how we should legally support the transfer of companies so that they could further develop. In Germany, in the moment when an owner of a company leaves or dies – heirs do not pay a tax for first seven years when they are owners and the company is functioning – says economists.
Although in the West there are some suspicions concerning dishonesty of such solution towards people who inherit a property and not company assets, Starczewska-Krzysztoszek defends tax exemptions at succession in family companies. She points out that taxation of such inheritance may lead to insolvency of a family company or at least it may deprive it of the possibility of further development.